Meriya samary

Meriya Samara Russian

The Samara Oblast is situated in the middle flow of the River Volga. Near the old Zhiguli Mountains the river makes a steep turn bending round the Samarskaya Luka – natural reserve, which is unique by its nature. The Samara Oblast is a forest-steppe region.

The climate here is sharp continental, with the average annual air temperature of +3,8 degrees Celsius, average January temperature -13,9 degrees, average July temperature +20,1 degrees.

The main Oblast natural treasures are oil and associated gas. Their exploration, production and refining long ago became major constituent of the economic potential of the Region. Other mineral resources to be found in the Samara Oblast subsoil part are: slate coal, silicate lime, brimstone, mineral and radon waters, common salt, building stone and some other substances and minerals having significant economic value.

Founded in the year 1586 as supporting fortress, Samara became the capital of the province in 1851. During the Great Patriotic War (II World War) the city served as the administrative center of the USSR, where the Soviet Government and the diplomatic corps were evacuated.

Samara Kosmos


The Samara Oblast population is 3239.8 thou (corresponding to 2,3% of the country’s citizens number); of them 80,4% live in cities. The territory of the Oblast gives home to people of about 100 nationalities; Russians account for 83,4% of the total population.

The Region covers the territory of 53,6 thou square km, which corresponds to 0,31% of Russian territory.

Administratively-and-territorially the Samara Oblast is broken down into 11 cities, 24 urban-type communities and 27 rural rayons — districts (324 rural administrations and volosts).

The regional capital – the city of Samara (in the years 1935-1991 it was called Kuibyshev) with the population of 1,3 million is located at a distance of 1049 km from the Russian capital. The biggest cities (alongside with Samara) are: Togliatti, Syzran, and Novokuibyshevsk.

In terms of its economic potential the Samara Oblast occupies one of the leading places among the Russian Federation regions. As regards stability of the region, by assessment of the international rating agencies Standard & Poor’s and Moody’s, the Samara Oblast holds the highest rating equally with Moscow and St.-Petersburg.

The Region takes the sixth place among Russian provinces in terms of absolute volume of industrial output and the second place among the regions of the Privolzhsky Federal District.

Самара на Волге

The gross regional product per head goes beyond the average indicator by 30-40%, and the industrial output per capita — by 50%. As per many parameters of social-and-economic development, the Oblast is among top five regions of Russia.

The Samara Oblast economics sectors are represented virtually by all key branches: mining operations and processing of semi-products, production of electric power, chemistry and petroleum chemistry, metallurgy, mechanical engineering (including motor-car construction), manufacturing of bearings for machines, aircraft building and production of space ships and vehicles, light and food industries.

The Samara Oblast accounts for 1/5 of all production of synthetic rubber in Russia, for 10% of petrochemical products, for about 23% of synthetic ammonia, for 10% of pesticides, for 5% of synthetic resins and plastic materials, and 4.6% for mineral fertilizers. Samara is the only region where yellow phosphorus is produced. The Volzhsky Automobile Plant, which manufactures “Lada” cars enjoying high demand with the public, accounts for over 75% of all cars made in Russia. Share of the foreign trade turnover in the gross regional product is 35%, while export exceeds import. In the course of 10 years the number of enterprises with foreign capital participation increased 10-fold; and foreign investments grew more than 25-fold.

The agro-industrial complex of the Samara Oblast is a developed sector, which unites 500 agricultural enterprises of different ownership formats, 3,500 private farms, and over 1,000 enterprises of food and processing industries, as well as technical maintenance stations servicing agricultural machinery. The total area of agricultural land makes up 3,9 mln ha.

According to international expert opinion, the Samara Oblast takes the 5th place among 89 regions of the Russian Federation as for human potential. The amount of consumer expenditures the Samara Oblast yield only to the Moscow Oblast.

Over 30 state-run and non-governmental universities, 1,368 state-run elementary and secondary schools and Lyceums, 22 non-governmental schools of general education – all these educational institutions operate in the Oblast. The research-and-technical and technological potential is significant; over 60 organizations are involved in exact sciences and applied sciences, in R&D. The Oblast hosts over 100 theatres – state-run, municipal, private, folk and amateur. The Samara Oblast is a cultural center representing works of Russian and Oriental art, pieces of art executed by avant-gardism artists, sculptors, etc.

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